Please take a few minutes to take this true-or-false, five-question quiz to test your knowledge of child trafficking.
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#1. Only 10% of child trafficking victims are kidnapped.
Most child sex traffickers target victims and prey on their vulnerabilities, manipulating them into sexual exploitation. According to the Polaris Project only 10% of child trafficking victims have been kidnapped.
#2. Human trafficking always involves moving, traveling or transporting a person across state or national borders.
Human trafficking is often confused with human smuggling, which involves illegal border crossings. In fact, the crime of human trafficking does not require any movement whatsoever. Children can be recruited and trafficked in their own towns or homes.
#3. If a trafficked child consented to the initial situation he or she cannot be a human trafficking victim because they were aware of what was happening.
According to the Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA) persons under the age of 18 cannot legally consent to commercial sex acts and thus are automatically identified as child trafficking victims.
#4. All children are at risk for becoming trafficking victims.
All children are at risk for becoming victims of sex trafficking, but there are some risk factors that increase a child’s vulnerability for exploitation. Some of these factors are homelessness, poverty, unstable living conditions, a history of running away, exposure to drugs and involvement in the foster care system.
#5. Victims of trafficking want to escape and will ask for help.
Individuals who experience trafficking do not always actively seek help. Every trafficking situation is unique. The Polaris Project notes that “fear, isolation, guilt, shame, misplaced loyalty and expert manipulation are among the many factors that may keep a person from seeking help.” Some trafficked individuals have been so thoroughly manipulated and brain washed that they are unable to self-identify as a victim or recognize that they have rights. Others fear retribution from their trafficker or are trapped by their lack of identification documents.